In 1953 the Nobel Peace Prize is awarded to medical missionary Dr. Albert Schweitzer. The prize for literature is awarded to Sir Winston Churchill. In 1954 the first rocket powered sled accelerates U.S. Air Force Lieutenant Colonel John Stapp to 632 miles per hour. And in 1958 111 passengers take the first U.S. domestic passenger jet flight from New York to Miami.
Born on this date - educator/deaf school founder Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet (1787), poet Emily Dickinson (1830), librarian/Decimal System inventor Melvil Dewey (1851), newsman/anchor Chet Huntley (1911), composer/orchestra leader Morton Gould (1913), actress Dorothy Lamour (1914), singer [Four Freshmen] Ken Albers (1924), actor Dan Blocker (1928), actor Tommy Kirk (1941) and actor Tommy Rettig (1941).